I’ve bought an orchard and decide to plant some apple trees on it. The orchard seems like an N * M two-dimensional map. In each grid, I can either plant an apple tree to get one apple or fertilize the soil to speed up its neighbors’ production. When a grid is fertilized, the grid itself doesn’t produce apples but the number of apples of its four neighbor trees will double (if it exists). For example, an apple tree locates on (x, y), and (x - 1, y), (x, y - 1) are fertilized while (x + 1, y), (x, y + 1) are not, then I can get four apples from (x, y). Now, I am wondering how many apples I can get at most in the whole orchard?
The input contains multiple test cases. The number of test cases T (T<=100) occurs in the first line of input.
For each test case, two integers N, M (1<=N, M<=100) are given in a line, which denote the size of the map.
For each test case, you should output the maximum number of apples I can obtain.
2 2 2 3 3